Tiv thaiv Internet (IP)

Kev cai hauv Internet

IP yog dab tsi?

Tus IP yog dav siv rau hauv cov ntsiab lus ntawm lub computer network IP yog tus sawv cev ntawm Internet Protocol, thiab nws yog ib co kev cai uas txiav txim siab tias cov ntaub ntawv cov ntaub ntawv yuav xa tuaj li cas los ntawm lub network.Yog peb muaj peev xwm los qhia txhua qhov network Yog tias koj tau txais kev pabcuam hauv lub xovtooj los ntawm IP, IP xov tooj thiab lwm cov ntsiab lus uas tau hais rau nws, thiab nkag siab tias vim li cas nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb ntawm kev sib txuas lus hauv pawg IP. Cov kev cai no txhais tau tias qee cov kev cai raws li cov cuab yeej ntawm lub network ua hauj lwm thiab cov ntaub ntawv cov ntaub ntawv xa mus rau hauv lub network.Thaum no, muaj ntau ntau cov lag luam ntawm cov khoom siv network, thiab txhua tus muaj lawv cov tshuab, cov operating systems, thiab cov architectures uas lawv siv kom lawv tsim tau lawv cov cuab yeej, tab sis thaum lawv khiav ntawm lub network, lawv yuav tsum tau ua raws li cov qauv uas tau khaws cia los ntawm Internet Protocol (IP) tag nrho cov khoom siv raws lawv cov ntaub ntawv raws li lawv tus IP Cov Chaw.

IP Chaw Nyob thiab nws siv

Technically, tus IP chaw yog ib tug 32-ntsis tus naj npawb rau lub cuab yeej thaum txuas nrog lub network. Raws li qhov chaw nyob ntawm ib lub tsev yog siv los txheeb xyuas qhov tshwj xeeb ntawm lub cev, xws li IP chaw ua haujlwm ua tus cim tshwj xeeb rau lub tshuab ntaus ntawv. Siv qhov chaw nyob no, ntaus ntawv qhia txog qhov chaw nyob ntawm tus neeg xa thiab tus neeg tuaj ntawm cov ntaub ntawv khaws tseg. Cov ntaub ntawv hauv lub network yog ib chav tsev ntawm cov ntaub ntawv uas tswj cov ntaub ntawv thiab cov neeg siv cov ntaub ntawv dua li IP raws network. Thaum cov ntaub ntawv xa mus los ntawm ib tug ntaus ntawv mus rau lwm lub ntaus ntawv, koj lub PC siv DNS neeg siv khoom los saib ib lub hostname los nrhiav nws tus IP chaw nyob. Yog tsis muaj tus IP address, lub tshuab ntaus ntawv yuav tsis raug tshaj tawm hauv lub network thiab sib txuas lus tsis tau. Txawm li cas los xij, qhov no yuav txawv raws li lub ntaus ntawv thiab lub network. Tib lub sijhawm, koj lub PC yuav muaj ntau dua ib tus IP chaw nyob. Ib qho ntawm LAN thiab lwm yam hauv Internet. Cov chaw nyob hauv IP no tau muab faib ua ob pawg loj:

IP chaw nyob ruaj ruaj

Raws li lub npe nruab nrab, IP chaw nyob yog qhov hom ntawm IP chaw nyob uas tsis hloov thaum lawv raug xa mus rau ib qho cuab yeej hauv lub network. IP chaw nyob yog tsis kim heev tab sis qhib rau kev ruaj ntseg kev hem thawj rau cov neeg uas xav nkaum hauv lub network. Lawv feem ntau siv los ntawm me me nplai web, gaming, thiab email servers.

Dynamic IP Chaw Nyob

Ntawm qhov tod tes, Dynamic IP chaw nyob yog cov IP chaw hloov txhua zaus lub ntaus ntawv cav rau hauv lub network. Lub koom haum loj-feem ntau siv cov lej dynamic IP vim nws muaj kev ruaj ntseg ntau dua li cov IP uas tsis muaj teeb meem thiab tsis nyob zoo li qub; li no lub chaw tsis tuaj yeem siv.

Static IP vs Dynamic IP uas yog zoo dua?

Raws li dhau los, qhov xwm ntawm qhov kev sib tham networked txiav txim siab, hom IP nws yuav tsum siv. Yog tias tsis muaj kev txhawj xeeb nrog cov teeb meem kev ruaj ntseg thiab tsis tas yuav tau nkaum koj tus kheej los ntawm kev siv los ntawm kev sib koom tes, ces tus IP nruab nrab yuav ua haujlwm zoo rau koj. Tab sis, yog tias koj xav kom tiv thaiv koj tus kheej hauv lub vev xaib thiab mus dhau ntawm qhov chaw ruaj ntseg network tsheb, ces Dynamic IP yuav yog qhov zoo rau koj. Feem ntau, xyuas hauv internet, xa ntawv lossis downloading cov ntaub ntawv yog kwv los ntawm IP-IP, ntawm qhov kev tes, FTP, kev sib txuas lus, thiab lub suab hu hauv internet yog ua los ntawm Static IP. Txheem schemes zoo li IPV4 thiab IPV6 yog siv los tsim cov chaw tus IP rau lub network pab kiag li lawm. Cov IP versions yog cov hauv qab no.

IPV4 Chaw Nyob (Internet Protocol Version 4)

IPV4 (Internet Protocol Version 4) yog tus plaub version of Internet Protocol (IP) siv los tsim cov chaw nyob kom muab cov khoom siv thoob lub network. IPV4 siv 32-ntsis chaw nyob rau kev sib txuas rau cov khoom siv internet. 32-ntsis qhov chaw txhais tau tias yuav luag generated 4 billion chaw nyob. Txheeb xyuas qhia tias nrog rau kev loj hlob ntawm kev siv internet, IPV4 yuav tsis txaus kom muaj peev xwm nyob rau tag nrho cov cuab yeej vim tias cov kev siv computers, laptops, smartphones xws li siv IPV4 mus txuas rau internet. Tiv thaiv kom tsis txhob muaj kev txwv no, Internet Protocol tau hloov, thiab ib qho tshiab IPV6 yog tsim los tsim cov chaw nyob.

IPV6 Chaw Nyob (Internet Protocol Version 6)

IPV6 chaw nyob (Internet Protocol Version 6) yog ib qho internet tshiab hais txog qhov kev xav tau rau ntau qhov chaw hauv internet. IPV6 yog ib daim ntawv hloov ntawm IPV6 thiab pub cov naj npawb ntawm cov tswv yim nrog rau cov ntaub ntawv xa tawm. IPV6 chaw nyob yog hu ua IPng (internet raws tu qauv txuas ntxiv) thiab tab tom npaj. Muaj qee qhov zoo ntawm IPV4 dhau lub IPV6 xws li Tsis muaj DHCP thiab leej twg, Kev Muaj Tseeb Zoo ntawm Kev Pabcuam (QoS).

TCP / IP yog dab tsi?

TCP / IP (Kev Tswj Cov Kev Sib Tham Cov Kev Tso Cai / Kev Pom Zoo hauv Internet) yog kev sib txuas lus hauv internet. Nws ua kom paub meej tias kev twb kev txuas yog ntseeg tau thiab tsis muaj pob ntawv poob. Thaum tsis ua hauj lwm ntawm cov pob ntawv, nws retransmits cov ntaub ntawv kom muaj kev ntseeg tau ntawm kev twb kev txuas. Ob tug computers raug txuas rau lub hom phiaj ntawm xa lus los yog hloov cov ntaub ntawv, muab nrog ib daim qauv ntawm qhov kev pab cuam TCP / IP. TCP / IP muaj ob txheej: Higher Layer yog TCP thiab yog lub luag hauj lwm rau dhos cov ntaub ntawv rau qhov chaw me me thiab reassembling tag nrho cov khoom rau hauv cov ntaub ntawv thaum thawj ntawm lwm tes IP txheej txheem yog lub luag hauj lwm ntawm kev tswj qhov chaw nyob ntawm pob ntawv thiab ua kom paub tseeb tias cov ntaub ntawv xa mus rau qhov chaw uas yog. Vim yog qhov kev ntseeg ntawm qhov kev hloov no, nws yog siv.

UDP / IP

UDP (Tus neeg siv Daim Ntawv Teev Npe Tiv Thaiv) yog tus txheej txheem xa mus rau TCP thiab tso cai rau cov ntaub ntawv kis mus rau lwm yam tsis muaj kev txheeb xyuas qhov teeb meem. Nws nyom rau qhov kev cia siab thiab cia qhov poob ntawm pob ntawv, tab sis ua rau kom zoo tshaj latency tus nqi. Vim qhov no, nws yog siv rau gaming thiab online streaming.

xaus

Internet Protocol thiab Internet Protocol Addresses yog qhov tseem ceeb ntawm Computer Networks thiab Communications. Lawv muab cov ncauj lus tseem ceeb txog lawv cov cuab yeej sib thooj thiab uas yog ib qho tseem ceeb xws li lub qhov rau kev ntshai kev hem thawj. Dynamic IP thiab Static IP raug xaiv raws li ib puag ncig, thiab hom kev ntim cov ntaub ntawv kis tau los ntawm TCP / IP lossis UDP / IP modules.

Kuv-p-is.com yog ib qho kev pabcuam uas muab koj tus IP chaw nyob thiab qee cov ntaub ntawv ntau ntxiv.
Kawm ntxiv txog cov chaw tus IP nyob ntawm Kuv tus Ip Is ntawm WikiPedia. Ntau ntxiv Cov cuab yeej DNS tuaj yeem nrhiav tau ntawm MXcorrect.com

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